Date of publication of the official valid standard
Guard dog, companion
|Group 5||Spitz and primitive type.|
Asian Spitz and related breeds.
|Without working trial.|
Brief Historical Summary
The ancestry of the Chow is attributed to China where he was kept as a guard dog, and also used for hunting. The Chow has been known in China for upwards of 2,000 years and is related to Spitz dogs of the Nordic type, also containing something of the mastiff. Because of China’s ‘closed door’ policy to the rest of the world Chows did not begin to appear in other countries until around 1800. He made his way to England sometime during the late eighteenth century and was not really noticed in Britain until the 1920s, with a number being shown at Crufts in 1925.
Active, compact, short-coupled and essentially well balanced, leonine in appearance, proud, dignified bearing; well knit frame; tail carried well over back. Should always be able to move freely and must not have so much co at as to impede activity or cause distress in hot weather. A bluish-black tongue is characteristic.
The distance from withers to elbow is equal to the distance from elbow to ground
Behaviour and temperament
Skull: Flat, broad.
Stop: Not pronounced.
Strong, full, not short, set well on shoulders and slightly arched. Of sufficient length to carry the head proudly above the topline.
Short, level and strong.
Broad and deep. Ribs well sprung, but not barrelled.
Set high, carried well over back.
Qualité du poil
Either rough or smooth. :
Rough: Profuse, abundant, dense, straight and stand-off but not excessive in length. Outer coat coarse, with soft woolly undercoat. Especially thick round neck forming mane or ruff and with good culottes or breechings on back of thighs.
Smooth: Coat short, dense, straight, upstanding, not flat, plush-like in texture. Any artificial shortening of the coat which alters the natural outline or expression should be penalised, with the exception of feet which may be tidied.
Height at the withers:
- Males : 48 – 56 cms
- Females : 46 – 51 cms
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
- Aggressive or overly shy.
- Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.